India has submitted its proposal to Montreal Protocol headquarters in Nairobi on 16th of April, 2015 to level down environment damaging refrigerant hydro-fluorocarbon (HFC) used in air conditioners and refrigerators.
Montreal Protocol is an international treaty which came into force in 1989 so as to conserve the depletion of ozone layer and has 197 indorsers till date. Montreal Protocol brought direct impact on the depleting ozone layer over Antarctica and it is expected that the ozone layer will return to 1980 levels between 2050 and 2070.
Being a developing nation and for the sake of its domestic industries, India has sought a period of 15 years to adopt better technologies and bring down HFC to a definite level. Though the former government desired to bring the issue under Kyoto Protocol instead of Montreal Protocol so that issue remained accountability of rich and developed nations.
Kyoto Protocol is an extension of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that binds the members to reduce the greenhouse gases emissions which has 24 ratifiers. United States, China and India have clearly specified that they will not become part of any treaty that will bind them legally to reduce CO2 emissions.
Along with the time period of 15 years, India has also asked for funding and use of institutions of Montreal Protocol. Also, India will continue to include HFCs within UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol for accounting and reporting of emissions as HFC is not an ozone depleting substance and it is listed as one of the greenhouse gas under UNFCCC’s Kyoto Protocol.
Federal States of Micronesia proposed first to bring phasing down of HFCs under Montreal Protocol in 2009, followed by United States, Mexico and Canada. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on his visit to US in September last year agreed to joint agreement in which US will provide financial support to India throughout the process of phasing down HFC.